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Mother Earth's Caretakers
By Pat Carlson, Eagle Forum, Environmental Chairman, Texas Eagle Forum, State Leader
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Further Reading: United Nations / Global Warming
May 16, 2010

The United Nations' accomplishments are few, but it has been successful in propelling little-known Marxist leaders to international fame. This is how the president of the poorest country in South America, Evo Morales Ayma of Bolivia, came to single-handedly convene the World Peoples' Conference on Climate Change and Rights of Mother Earth (CMPCC) held April 19-22, 2010 in the small university town of Tiquipaya just outside Cochabamba, Bolivia. Morales is highly popular in his own country as its first indigenous president. He was overwhelmingly elected in 2005 and 2009 by 53.7% and 67.4% margins respectively by a population that is 62% indigenous and only won the right to vote in 1952.

Morales first entered the international stage in October 2009 when he was named "World Hero of Mother Earth" by the U.N. General Assembly and then again at the Copenhagen climate change meeting, COP15, when a press conference was held by the member states of Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas (ALBA) - Venezuela, Cuba, Ecuador, Nicaragua, and Bolivia. ALBA countries are all anti-capitalist, socialistic governments with a goal of regional economic integration of social welfare, bartering and mutual financial aid rather than free trade agreements. The press conference revealed that these countries view themselves differently than China, India, Brazil, and South Africa in the community of developing countries. They claimed these countries were included in all negotiations during COP15 to the exclusion of most other developing countries and have been the primary beneficiaries of funding and technology transfer through the Kyoto Protocol.

Then the last day of COP15 when Obama proclaimed an "unprecedented breakthrough" with the Copenhagen Accord, Morales slammed the agreement saying it was a "product of closed-door diplomatic horse trading that ignored" the people. Morales seized the opportunity after the COP15 failure to call the CMPCC. The CMPCC was not an official U.N. conference but it was sanctioned by the UN and promoted on its website.

Morales called the CMPCC the alternative to COP15 and claimed the solution to the climate change problem should be assumed by those who would suffer its consequences, the poor of developing countries. He wrote in an op-ed, ". . . the human race can benefit from the wisdom of the world's indigenous peoples, who understand that we must live in harmony with nature [and] believe in the concept of 'living well' instead of wanting to 'live better' by consuming more regardless of the cost to our neighbors and our environment." The principle of "living well" is the age-old Marxist principle of government redistributing wealth and property by control.

The conference meetings were within a half-mile radius in the countryside between the Univalle University campus and a hotel convention center. It was made almost impossible for an English-speaking person to participate with all meetings and literature in Spanish. The conference had a printed schedule (also in Spanish) but meetings were constantly changed at the last minute as to location and even time. One meeting was moved to four locations in one morning. Press conference notices were emailed to journalists only hours in advance. The numbers reported of attendees ranged anywhere from 15,000 from 120 countries to 35,000 from 150 countries. I believe the first number to be true.

Morales held CMPCC for three reasons:

  1. To elevate himself on the international scene

  2. To further the movement of Indigenous Peoples' Rights as victims of climate change to stir-up the masses

  3. To keep a campaign promise of demanding compensation for 500 years of oppression and violations of human rights by the rich countries. Morales made the worship of Mother Earth the centerpiece of the conference by drafting the Universal Rights of Mother Earth or Pachamama as the South American indigenous would say. Only the radical environmental groups speak of Mother Earth at the U.N. climate change conferences.

The S.A. indigenous people feel they have a special relationship with mother earth saying they "can interpret the sound of the rivers" and "talk to the wind." They live "on the skin" and nourish from the "milk" (water) of Mother Earth. Giving the earth human characteristics helps make it another victim in need of protection. These people have raised the earth to the level of a human but URME puts humans on the same plane with plants and animals stating: "Mother Earth is…a community of interrelated beings...and all beings are entitled to all the rights recognized in this Declaration without distinction of any kind...such as…organic, living beings and inorganic, non-living beings, or on the basis of sentience, kind, species, use to humans, or other status."

Further into the document, humans are stifled by control while all other beings are free to flourish: ". . . in order for…beings to flourish we must establish systems for governing human behavior that recognize the inalienable rights of Mother Earth...all beings should be protected by the rule of law…that these rights . . . should be enforced by law."

Finally, human beings "must . . . establish values, cultures, and legal, political, economic and social systems consistent with this Declaration."

Seventeen committees debated and drafted proposals relating to the victimization of climate change — climate justice, climate debt, climate tribunal.

The conclusions of these committees formed a final document to be presented to the U. N. The proposals call for developed nations to cut their greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) 50% by 2020 instead of the 6-17% already agreed to. The "historic" climate debt owed by rich countries to poor countries should not be considered aid but reparations. The dollar amount should be 6% of the developed nation's GDP or as much as war and defense budgets. Obama proposed a defense budget of $600 billion for 2010.

The amount of $100 billion per year until 2020 already agreed to by the U.S. should be increased to $300 billion per year. Developed countries should commit to annual financing by taxing their citizens in addition to the Official Development Assistance in order to confront climate change in developing countries. These countries should have direct access to this money without conditions.

It's not just about money changing hands but about the very air we breathe. The rich countries "should decolonize atmospheric space" to "allow for an equitable distribution" to all countries according to the size of their populations. In other words, the U.S. should reduce (GHG) emissions to 0%. Developed countries should open their border to all "climate-induced refugees." The indigenous people are opposed to cap and trade schemes imposed by the Kyoto Protocol, but they are not opposed to the transfer of technology. It is proposed that a new U.N. bureaucracy be created for this transfer and that all new technologies be free from intellectual property rights. Also, it would move all existing patents from the private sector to the public sector.

The CMPCC demands the creation of an International Tribunal of Climate and Environmental Justice having the authority to "prevent, judge, and punish those states, companies, and individuals that pollute and cause climate change by their actions or omissions." Claims can be made by "all peoples, nations, nationalities, states, individuals, or corporations" who have been affected "without having exhausted national remedies." The International Criminal Court (ICC) requires that a claim can only be made after all national means have failed. These crimes are seen as "crimes against humanity" and tried as genocide.

Finally, Morales proposed an international referendum election on climate change so "the world's population" can decide what should be done on this important issue.

Morales presented the CMPCC proposals to Secretary General Ban Ki-moon on May 7, 2010 in a formal meeting at U.N. headquarters in New York. The same day he spoke at a G77 meeting stating his resolve to "initiate the construction of a World Peoples' Movement for Mother Earth."

It remains to be seen whether Morales will be able to move the debate in the direction he wants at the next U.N. climate change conference to be held in Cancun, Mexico next December, but one thing is sure, he is amassing an army of the indigenous. They follow his mantra of "Either capitalism dies or Mother Earth dies."

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